By the late fall U.
Faced with disaster, Hitler made one final attempt to win the war. On December 16th, German forces launched their attack. Taken by surprise, the Allies retreated for eight days before they managed to regroup and push the Germans back. By January 16, , the Ardennes front had been re-established where it had been a month earlier. Hitler however, suffered heavy losses of both men and supplies. On December 7, , the Japanese had invaded the Philippines, forcing MacArthur to retreat to Bataan Peninsula and then Corregidor where he finally surrendered.
But by , campaigns in New Guinea and the Central Pacific had brought his forces within striking distance of the Philippines. Expecting fierce fighting from the Japanese, the Allies assembled the largest landing force ever used in a Pacific campaign - more than ships participated in the invasion.
It had taken MacArthur more than two and a half years and many brutal battles to keep his pledge made at Corregidor. The Battle for Leyte Gulf was the greatest naval battle in history. In a desperate last effort to win the war, the Japanese unleashed a terrifying new weapon — kamikazes — suicide pilots who would crash planes filled with explosives onto Allied warships. Before the war ended they had sunk or damaged over U.
The Japanese Navy had been crushed, leaving Japan unprotected and exposed to an assault. The only barrier separating them from the Australian base of Port Moresby was the Owen Stanley Mountains - a jagged, jungle-covered range that reared up two miles high. Although the Australians considered the mountains impassable, the tenacious Japanese troops succeeded in crossing. An Allied force quickly counterattacked and by November, the Japanese had been pushed back across the mountains. MacArthur then attacked Japanese positions along the north coast in a series of brilliant operations that combined sea, air, and land forces.
Moving westward up the northern coast, American forces took Saidor on January 2, , and established an air base there. Two weeks later Australian troops took Sio. Additional airfields were captured and by the end of April the Japanese had begun to retreat. Early in the U. Scheduled for June 5th, rough seas forced Eisenhower to postpone the invasion. The free men of the world are marching together to victory. Minesweepers had gone ahead to clear the water, and as the invasion armada headed across the channel, paratroopers and glider units dropped behind enemy lines.
At dawn battleships opened fire and troops stormed ashore. Taken by surprise, the Germans fought back fiercely.
Troops at Omaha Beach came under heavy fire and barely managed to stay ashore, but by nightfall all five Allied beaches had been secured. By the end of the war, their theory had been proven true. In , the United States joined the air war against Germany. Favoring day raids on specific targets, the U. The Philippines. Iwo Jima.
Hawai'i, USA. Atlantic Ocean. Wake Island. Okinawa, Japan. Marshall Islands. Mariana Islands.
Tarawa Atoll. Tarawa, Kiribati. Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. North Africa. Related events World War II.
Solomon Islands Campaign. Attack on Pearl Harbor. Battle of Iwo Jima. Battle of Okinawa. Battle of Wake Island.
The Solomon Islands. The Campaigns of World War II: A World War II Commemorative Series A series of 40 illustrated brochures that describe the campaigns in which U.S. Army.
Battle of Cape Gloucester. PK Hugo J. Moscow, August British prisoners at Dunkerque, France , June Adolf Hitler in Paris , June 23, German troops in Russia, Aircraft spotter on the roof of a building in London. Paul's Cathedral is in the background. Paul's Cathedral is pictured during the great fire raid of Sunday December 29th. July Total war knows no bounds.
Almshouse bombed Feb. Life in London during the war. View of a V-1 rocket in flight, ca. Zwilling, Libya, January or November 24, Montgomery watches his tanks move up. Lyle Bernard, CO , 30th Infantry Regiment, a prominent figure in the second daring amphibious landing behind enemy lines on Sicily's north coast, discusses military strategy with Lt. George S. Near Brolo. Mignano area, Italy. April 4, Paul Oglesby, 30th Infantry , standing in reverence before an altar in a damaged Catholic Church.
Note: pews at left appear undamaged, while bomb-shattered roof is strewn about the sanctuary. Acerno, Italy. Rose, Jr. Dwight D.
Eisenhower gives the order of the Day. Robert F.
Sargent, June 6, An American officer and a French partisan crouch behind an auto during a street fight in a French city, ca. American troops in tank passing the Arc de Triomphe after the liberation of Paris , August Here, in the Montelimar area, France, French civilians shave her head as punishment. Men seek cover behind hedges and signs to return the fire. Yanks of 60th Infantry Regiment advance into a Belgian town under the protection of a heavy tank. Spangle, September 9, Parachutes open overhead as waves of paratroops land in Holland during operations by the 1st Allied Airborne Army.
September Infantry anti-tank crew fires on Nazis who machine- gunned their vehicle, somewhere in Holland. Stickle, November 4, Germans captured these American soldiers during the surprise enemy drive into Allied positions. Guravitch, April 9, Army men and equipment pour across the Remagen Bridge ; two knocked out jeeps in foreground.
William Spangle, Germany, March 11, We all tried to crawl under each other because the lead was flying around like hail. March Rothenberger, April 14, Jacob Harris, April 16, Wernberg, Germany. Joseph Scrippens, April 22, William Robertson and Lt.
William E. Poulson, April 25, Eisenhower, Supreme Allied Commander , accompanied by Gen. Omar N. Bradley, and Lt. Moore, April 12, Donald R. Ornitz, April 15, Captured Japanese photograph taken aboard a Japanese carrier before the attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, December 7, Captured Japanese photograph taken during the December 7, , attack on Pearl Harbor. In the distance, the smoke rises from Hickam Field.